12. Bibliography & References

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This page contains general references. For references on specific topics or techniques, please see the reference section of the relevant appendices.


Alexander, G. G. and Allan, J. D., (2007)
Ecological success in stream restoration: Case studies from the midwestern United States, Environmental management, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 245-255.
Baldigo, B. P. and Warren, D. R., (2008)
Detecting the response of fish assemblages to stream restoration: Effects of different sampling designs, North American Journal of Fisheries Management, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 919-934.
Bash, J. S. and Ryan, C. M., (2002)
Stream restoration and enhancement projects: Is anyone monitoring?, Environmental management, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 877-885.
Bellamy, P and Rivas- Casado,M (2009)
Statistical analysis design study to investigate river restoration effectiveness EA, Science Report SC070024 EA Bristo
Bernhardt, E. S., Sudduth, E. B., Palmer, M. A., Allan, J. D., Meyer, J. L., et al., (2007)
Restoring Rivers One Reach at a Time: Results from a Survey of U.S. River Restoration Practitioners, Restoration Ecology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 482-493.
Biggs, J. (1994)
River restoration: benefits for integrated catchment management - UK monitoring programme, Year 1 Interim Report, River Restoration Project Ltd, Huntingdon
Biggs, J. (1996)
River restoration: benefits for integrated catchment management – Monitoring Programme. Year 2 (1995) Interim Report, River Restoration Project Ltd, Huntingdon
Boon, P.J., Holmes, N.T.H., Maitland P.S. and Rowell, T.A., (1996)
SERCON:System for evaluating rivers for conservation: version 1 manual. Scottish Natural Heritage Research, Survey and Monitoring Report No 61 SNH, Perth, Scotland
Boon, P. J., Holmes, N. T. H., Maitland, P. S., Rowell, T. A. (1996)
Annex 1: Standard method for river macrophyte survey and for determining River Community Type in SERCON: System for Evaluating Rivers for Conservation: Version 1 manual, 156-167.
Bruce-Burgess, L. (2001)
An Evaluation of UK River Restoration Appraisal Procedures – results from a national survey. Interim R & D Report, 24pp
Bruce-Burgess, L., and Skinner, K. (2004)
Appraisal: River Restoration‟s Missing Link‟, 25pp.
Bruce-Burgess, L. (2004)
Evaluating river restoration appraisal procedures: the case of the UK. PhD at Queen Mary, University of London, 251pp & Appendix
Bryant, M. D., (1995)
Pulsed monitoring for watershed and stream restoration, Fisheries, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 6-13.
Caruso, B. S., (2006)
Project river recovery: Restoration of braided gravel-bed river habitat in New Zealand's high country, Environmental management, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 840-861.
Chadd R, Extence C., (2002)
The conservation of freshwater invertebrate populations: a community-based classification scheme. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 14: 597-624.
Chesters, R. K., (1980)
Biological monitoring working party. The 1978 National testing exercise. Department of the Environment, Water Data Unit, Technical Memorandum 19, Reading, UK.
Christian-Smith, J. and Merenlender, A. M., (2008)
The Disconnect Between Restoration Goals and Practices: A Case Study of Watershed Restoration in the Russian River Basin, California, Restoration Ecolog.
CIS Guidance on Monitoring, (2003)
Water Framework Directive. Common Implementation Strategy,
Clarke, S. J., Lydia Bruce-Burgess and Wharton, G., (2003)
Linking form and function: towards an eco-hydromorphic approach to sustainable river restoration, Aquatic Conservation, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 439-450.
Cooper, R. K. (2003)
Design a Survey Method to Monitor & Evaluate the Success of River Restoration using Four Sample Rivers. Msc Environmental Water Management, Cranfield University, 37pp & accompanying Appendix.
Darby, S. E. and Sear, D. A., (2008)
River restoration: Managing the uncertainty in restoring physical habitat, Wiley, Chichester, UK
DeSmith, L. (2005)
The development of the „Post River Restoration Assessment‟ for evaluating river restoration projects, Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, Cranfield University, 55pp.
Downes, B. J., Barmuta, L. A., Fairweather, P. G., Faith, D. P., Keough, M. J. et al., (2002)
Monitoring ecological impacts: concepts and practice in flowing waters, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Downs, P. W. and Kondolf, G. M., (2002)
Post-project appraisals in adaptive management of river channel restoration, Environmental management, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 477-496.
Dytham C., (2003)
Choosing and using statistics: A biologists guide. Blackwell publishing.
Ehlers, R., (1956)
An evaluation of stream improvement devices constructed eighteen years ago, California Department of Fish and Game, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 203.
Elliott, J. M., (1977)
Some methods for the statistical analysis of samples of benthic invertebrates., FBS Scientific Publication No.25.
England, J., Skinner, K. S. and Carter, M. G., (2008)
Monitoring, river restoration and the Water Framework Directive, Water and Environment Journal, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 227-234.
England, J., Angelopoulos, N., Cooksley, S., Dodd, J., Gill, A., Gilvear, D., Johnson, M., Naura, M., O’Hare, M., Tree, A., et al., (2021)
Best Practices for Monitoring and Assessing the Ecological Response to River Restoration.
Ennos A.R. & Bailey S. E. R., (1995)
Problem Solving In Environmental Biology, Longman Scientific & Technical
Environment Agency, (2003)
River Habitat Survey in Britain and Ireland: Field Survey Guidance Manual. River Habitat Survey Manual: 2003 version, Environment Agency, 136 pp.
Environment Agency, (2008); Freshwater macro-invertebrate sampling in rivers
Operation Instruction, Doc No 018_08 Version 1.
Evaluating River Restoration Procedures
The Case of the UK, (2004): PhD Thesis Queen Mary University of London, Lydia Bruce-Burgess.
Extence C.A., Balbi D.M., Chadd R.P., (1999)
River flow indexing using British benthic invertebrates: a framework for setting hydroecological objectives. Regulated Rivers Research and Management 15: 543-574.
Florsheim, J., Mount, J. and Constantine, C., (2006)
A geomorphic monitoring and adaptive assessment framework to assess the effect of lowland floodplain river restoration on channel-floodplain sediment continuity, River Research and Applications, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 353-375.
Follstad Shah, J. J., Dahm, C. N., Gloss, S. P. and Bernhardt, E. S., (2007)
River and riparian restoration in the southwest: Results of the National River Restoration Science Synthesis project, Restoration Ecology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 550-562.
Gee, J. H. R., Keirle, I., Wheaton, J. M., and Wootton, R. J. (2007)
A Monitoring Strategy for the Afon Teifi Restoration Project. CCW Contract Science Report No 773, 45pp, CCW, Bangor.
Giller, P., S., (2005)
River restoration: Seeking ecological standards. Editor's introduction, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 201-207.
Gillilan, S., Boyd, K., Hoitsma, T. and Kauffman, M., (2005)
Challenges in developing and implementing ecological standards for geomorphic river restoration projects: A practitioner's response to Palmer et al. (2005), Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 223-227.
Habersack, H. and Nachtnebel, H. P., (1995)
Short-term effects of local river restoration on morphology, flow field, substrate and biota, Regulated Rivers: Research & Management, vol. 10, no. 2-4, pp. 291-301.
Habersack, H., Schabuss, M., Liedermann, M., Tritthart, M., Blaschke, A., P. and Schiemer, F., (2009)
Integrated monitoring and modelling at the Danube east of Vienna, OEIAZ Oesterreichische Ingenieur- und Architekten-Zeitschrift, vol. 154, no. 1-6, pp. 179; 179-193; 193.
Haley, S. (2006)
A comparative study of three river restoration post project appraisal methodologies. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, Cranfield University, 44pp.
Harper, D.M. and Smith, C., D., (1995)
Habitats in British Rivers: Biological Reality and Practical Value in River Management, Research and Development Note 346, National Rivers Authority, Anglian Region.
Harris, S., Martin, T. and Cummins, K., (1995)
A model for aquatic invertebrate response to Kissimmee River restoration, Restoration Ecology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 181- 194.
Heino, J., Louhi, P. and Muotka, T., (2004)
Identifying the scales of variability in stream macroinvertebrate abundance, functional composition and assemblage structure, Freshwater Biology, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1230-1239.
Henderson P. A., (2003)
Practical Methods in Ecology, , Blackwell Publishing
Henderson, P. and Seaby, R., (2008)
A practical handbook for multivariate methods. Pisces Conservation Ltd.
Holl K.D. and Cairns J. Jr, (1996)
Restoration ecology: some new perspectives. In: Preservation of Natural Diversity in Transboundary Protected Areas: Research Needs/Management Options (Eds A. Breymeyer & R. Noble), pp. 25-35. National Academy Press, Washington D.C.
Hulbert, C. (2004)
A Post Project Appraisal of a river restoration scheme – the restoration of the River Quaggy, Dissertation presented for the Honours degree of Bsc Physical Geography, 65pp.
Hulbert, C., Wharton, G., Copas, R. (2009)
Integrated Post-Project Appraisal of an Urban River Restoration Scheme, The River Quaggy, Sutcliffe Park, South East London, 68pp.
Hurford, C., Schneider, M., and Cowx, I. (2009)
Conservation Monitoring in Freshwater Habitats: A Practical Guide and Case Studies, 415pp
Joint Nature Conservation Committee (2005)
Common Standards Monitoring Guidance for Rivers, 59pp
Joint Nature Conservation Committee (2003)
Monitoring European Otter, Lutra lutra. Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers Monitoring Series No. 10, English Nature, Peterborough.
Kail, J., Hering, D., Muhar, S., Gerhard, M. and Preis, S., (2007)
The use of large wood in stream restoration: Experiences from 50 projects in Germany and Austria, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1145-1155.
Keim, D. (2008)
Ecological Assessment of the River Thame Fish Enhancement Project. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, Cranfield University, 57pp.
Kemp, J.L. Harper, D.M. and Cros G. A., (1999)
Use of 'functional habitats' to link ecology with morphology and hydrology in river rehabilitation, Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 9, 159-178
Klein, L. R., Clayton, S. R., Alldredge, J. R. and Goodwin, P. (2007)
Long-term monitoring and evaluation of the lower red river meadow restoration project, Idaho, U.S.A, Restoration Ecology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 223-239.
Kondolf, G. M., Anderson, S., Lave, R., Pagano, L., Merenlender, A. and Bernhardt, E. S., (2007)
Two decades of river restoration in California: What can we learn?, Restoration Ecology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 516-523.
Lepori, F., Palm, D., Brännäs, E. and Malmqvist, B. (2005)
Does restoration of structural heterogeneity in streams enhance fish and macroinvertebrate diversity?, Ecological Applications, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2060-2071.
Mant, J. and Janes, M., (2008)
Appraising river restoration projects: Integrated approaches for project managers, Gumiero, B., Rinaldi, M. and Fokkens, B. (eds.), in: Proceedings of the IVth International Conference on River Restoration 2008, 16/19 June 2008, Venice, Italy, Centro Italiano per la Riqualificazione Fluviale, Costabissara, Italy, pp. 559.
Matthews, J. (2010)
Short term indicators of Rehabilitation Success, Dissertation as part of Masters in Water Management at the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, 41pp.
McDonald, L. L., Bilby, R., Bisson, P. A., Coutant, C. C., Epifanio, J. M., Goodman, D., Hanna, S., Huntly, N., Merrill, E., Riddell, B., Liss, W., Loudenslager, E. J., Philipp, D. P., Smoker, W., Whitney, R. R. and Williams, R. N., (2007)
Research, monitoring, and evaluation of fish and wildlife restoration projects in the Columbia river basin: Lessons learned and suggestions for large-scale monitoring programs, Fisheries, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 582-590.
Merritt, R. W. and Cummins K. W., (1996)
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Miller, S. W., Budy, P. and Schmidt, J. C., (2010)
Quantifying macroinvertebrate responses to in-stream habitat restoration: Applications of meta-analysis to river restoration, Restoration Ecology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 8-19.
Murray-Bligh JAD, Furse MT, Jones FH, Gunn RJM, Dines RA, Wright JF., (1997)
Procedure for collecting and analysing invertebrate samples for RIVPACS. Environment Agency: Bristol, UK.
National Rivers Authority, (1992)
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Nilsson, C., Lepori, F., Malmqvist, B., Törnlund, E., Hjerdt, N., Helfield, J., M., Palm, D., Östergren, J., Jansson, R., Eva Brännäs, E., and Lundqvist, H., (2005)
Forecasting environmental responses to restoration of rivers used as log floatways: An interdisciplinary challenge, Ecosystems, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 779-800.
O'Donnell, T. K. and Galat, D. L., (2008)
Evaluating success criteria and project monitoring in river enhancement within an adaptive management framework, Environmental management, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 90-105.
Palmer, M. A., Bernhardt, E. S., Allan, J. D., Lake, P. S., Alexander, G., Brooks, S., Carr, J., Clayton, S., Dahm, C. N., Follstad Shah, J., Galat, D. L., Loss, S. G., Goodwin, P., Hart, D. D., Hassett, B., Jenkinson, R., Kondolf, G. M., Lave, R., Meyer, J. L., O'Donnell, T. K., Pagano, L. and Sudduth, E., (2005)
Standards for ecologically successful river restoration, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 208-217.
Palmer, M., Allan, J. D., Meyer, J. and Bernhardt, E. S. (2007)
River restoration in the twenty-first century: Data and experiential knowledge to inform future efforts, Restoration Ecology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 472-481.
Pardo, I. and Armitage, P.D. (1997)
Species assemblages as descriptors of mesohabitats, Hydrobiologia, 344, 111-128.
Parish, F., (2004)
A review of river restoration experience in east Asia, in Parish, F., Mohktar, M., Abdullah, A. R. B., et al (eds.) River restoration in Asia; proceedings of the east Asia regional seminar on river restoration, Global Environmental Centre and Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 14-23.
Pretty, J. L., Harrison, S. C., Shepherd, D. J., Smith, C., Hildrew, A. G. and Hey, R. D., (2003)
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River Restoration Project (1999)
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Roni, P. (ed.) (2005)
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An appraisal of the restoration of Quaggy Brook, Chinbrook Meadows, Project in Environmental Science, 50pp.
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