PRACTICAL RIVER RESTORATION APPRAISAL GUIDANCE FOR MONITORING OPTIONS (PRAGMO)
With any river restoration and associated floodplain project it is important to demonstrate its success for wildlife and the extent to which it works with the river's natural processes. This can only be done through an assessment of the project, and this should also highlight any future adaptation that may be necessary.
To indicate the level of success, monitoring needs to be an integral part of the project process, from inception right through to project signoff and beyond. Sound project objectives, that can be measured, need to be defined from the outset; data collected and analysed can then collectively increase the knowledge base. This can then help identify what techniques, or suite of techniques, are most successful for different river types and project aspirations and demonstrate to government and funders alike how, when and where river restoration can be of benefit for a range of environmental, economic and other ecosystem objectives.
All too often, however, monitoring of a project is not seen as a high priority activity because of perceived financial constraints and a lack of guidance to help develop appropriate monitoring levels and methods.
This document therefore aims to provide a set of pragmatic guidelines to help a range of people, from government agencies to community action groups, to determine the necessary level of monitoring
The document offers the reader a set of procedures to determine an appropriate monitoring scheme, based on project size, complexity, risk associated with the measures, river type and available funds.
For more information on this document please see 1. Purposes
This is a ‘living’ document and will be updated as new information and new methods become known.
- CHAPTER 1. Purpose
- CHAPTER 2. User guide
- CHAPTER 3. Navigation
- CHAPTER 4. Project Objectives
- CHAPTER 5. Understanding your catchment
- CHAPTER 6. Monitoring Objectives
- CHAPTER 7. Appropriate techniques
- CHAPTER 8. Monitoring timescales
- CHAPTER 9. Monitoring costs
- CHAPTER 10. Beyond data
- CHAPTER 11. Case studies
- CHAPTER 12. References
- Appendix 1. Water Framework Directive
- Appendix 2. Adaptive Management
- Appendix 3. Literature Review
- Appendix 4. SMART Objectives
- Appendix 5. Hydrology
- Appendix 6. Water quality
- Appendix 7. Sedimentation
- Appendix 8. Multidisciplinary Monitoring
- Appendix 9. Macroinvertebrate Surveys
- Appendix 10. Fisheries Surveys
- Appendix 11. Vegetation Surveys
- Appendix 12. Hydromorphology – Geomorphological Surveys
- Appendix 13. Hydromorphology – Hydrological Surveys
- Appendix 14. Remote Sensing
- Appendix 15. Citizen Science
- Appendix 16. Data Sources
List of Techniques
- Angler’s Riverfly Monitoring Initiative (ARMI)
- Urban Riverfly
- Unit-time invertebrate survey
- Unit-area invertebrate survey